Nepal is a land locked country situated in the Himalayan region with the total land mass of 147,181 sq. km. It is located in the South Asia region, sandwiched between the two giant nations China in north and India in the east, south and west. However the country is rich in natural and cultural diversity with unique ancient art and architecture. Nepal has a population of about 30 million people of different races and ethnic groups living in different regions with diverse culture, languages and dialects, making it the 41st populated country.The length of the country is 885 km east-west and its breadth varies from 145-241 km north-south.
Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of natural beauty due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation.The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m at flat terai above sea level to the highest point on the earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km with climatic conditions ranging from sub tropical to arctic. This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys. So, Nepal is diverse in ecology due to the variation of its geography structure like mountain, hill and terai regions.This mountainous country is an attraction to adventure lovers as it offers great trekking, tours and expeditions in the mountains. There are also many white water rivers for water sports. And last but not the least, the country is a great place for exploring the forests and wildlife with diverse species of flora and fauna. All it turns Nepal, one of the tourist destinations in the world. Nepal is a wonderful country to experience the true Shangri-la.
Nepal is well known for following varieties; rich natural beauties and value, a land of legend, birth place of Buddha, monasteries, Stupas, temples, giant Mountain, festivals, cultures, medieval villages, variety of people, towns, artisan and art, traditional foods and with some of the best Rivers of the world.
Nepal can be divided in three great areas: the low territories of the Terai, Hilly Regions and the Himalayas. The country offers one of the greater concentrations of natural reserves of the world, from the Rara National Park, to the west, to the Sagarmatha National Park, in the east, passing by numerous parks in the south. The best thing of low territories of the Terai is their three natural parks Royal Bardia, Royal Chitwan and Tiger Tops, where one can see the tiger of Bengal and Asiatic single horned rhino.
The centre of the country is made up of valleys among one of them is the spectacular valley of Kathmandu, its capital, located almost in the centre of the country. It is very interesting to cross her populated area and to enter a culture so different from the western one. The Himalayas run throughout the northern border. Eight of the fourteen tops of the 8,000 meters of the world are here. The name of the Everest, Kanchanjunga or Annapurna, attracts the mountain lovers worldwide.
Nepal opened its borders to the tourism only in 1951 but until 1964 it was only visited by expert mountaineers and explorers. In our days it receives more of trekkers for always, businessmen, lovers of the fleeting nature and visitors of two or three days. The country opening to any type of tourism has become synonym of trekking.