Kathmandu Valley Cultural Tour is one of the best tour packages available in Nepal. Kathmandu Valley Cultural Tour is the tour of UNESCO world cultural heritage sites, found in Kathmandu Valley for the experiences of beautiful fusion of history, culture and spiritual values which are medieval charms of Malla Dynasty.
Kathmandu Valley is comprises of three Ancient historical cities Kathmandu, Lalitpur and Bhaktapur. Until the medieval period, Kathmandu valley was divided into these three independent kingdoms. Later in 1768, Gorkha’s King Prithvi Narayan Shah united these three cities and made a single kingdom which is present Kathmandu valley. Kathmandu Valley Cultural Tour covers seven UNESCO world cultural heritage sites within the valley.
Kathmandu: It is a capital city of Nepal and one of the three ancient cities in Kathmandu valley. It is an open art gallery with numerous artistic temples, stupas, monasteries and historical monuments. It is the center of cultural assimilation, architectural wonders and varying lifestyle. Kathmandu is the gateway to tourism in Nepal. Kathmandu was named after Kasthamandap temple, the two-storey temple structure was built in 1596 from wood of a single tree, and uses neither iron nails nor supports. Kathmandu is also known as the city of temples in the world which is believed that it has more temples than houses.
It is is one of the most tourist sought destinations in the country. Travelers those who are interested to have experiences of different culture, arts and history of Nepal, Kathmandu valley cultural tour is the best choice for them. Ancient artistic Temples, Monasteries, Royal Palaces (Durbars in Nepali), Historical monuments and other fascinating attractions that magnets the tourists from the entire globe to Kathmandu.
Important monuments of Kathmandu City includes:
1.Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square: It is one of the three Durbars (royal palace) squares in Kathmandu valley, all of which are UNESCO world cultural heritage sites. Durbar square was surrounded with spectacular architecture and vivid showcases, the skills of the Newar artists and craftsmen over several centuries. Kathmandu Durbar Square is also known as Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square, a name derived from a statue of Hanuman, the monkey devotee of Lord Ram, at the entrance of the palace. This was the royal Nepalese residence until the 19th century and now a days, the temples are being preserved as national heritage sites and the palace is being used as museum.
Kumari Ghar: This is one of the most curious attractions in Nepal. Nepal is the only one country in the world where a living virgin girl is worshiped as a god. This gilded cage contains the Raj Kumari (living god), a girl chosen through an ancient and mystical selection process to become the human incarnation of the Hindu mother goddess, Durga. She is worshiped during religious festivals and makes public appearances at other times for a fee paid to her guards.
Kasthamandap Temple: The two-storey temple structure was built in 1596 from wood of a single tree and uses neither iron nails nor supports. It is said that the name Kathmandu was derived from its name. It has its unique architectural arts and craft on its structure.
Swoyambhunath: It is one of the most ancient sacred Buddhist pilgrimage & UNESCO world cultural heritage site situated on the small hill of the western part of Kathmandu. Swayambunath is also known as “Monkey Temple” as there are holy monkeys living in the north-west parts of the temple. The Swayambu complex consists of a stupa, a variety of shrines and temples.
The stupa consists of a dome at the base, above which a cubical structure painted with eyes of Buddha looking in all four directions. There is a large pair of eyes on each of the four sides of the main stupa which represent Wisdom and Compassion. Above each pair of eyes is another eye, the third eye. Between two eyes a curly symbol, symbolizing the nose is depicted which looks like a question mark, is a figure of Nepali sign, number one. This sign represents the unity of all things existing in the world as well as the only path to enlightenment through the teachings of Buddha. Each morning before dawn hundreds of Buddhist Hindu pilgrims ascend the 365 steps from eastern side that lead up the hill, passing the gilded Vajra and begin a series of clockwise circumambulations of the stupa.
Pashupatinath Temple: This is one of the most famous sacred Hindus temples in the world and UNESCO world cultural heritage site which is located on the banks of Bagmati river (holy river), A Hindu Crematorium, where hindu dead bodies are cremated in the most unique way in the world. This is a holy pilgrimage to see the Hindu Holy Men, Sadhus in a typical look of ash rubbed body, matted locks and dreaded look. This shrine is dedicated to lord Shiva and is must visit once in a life to get the blessing. Only Hindus are allowed to enter the temple.
There are many festivals throughout the year and thousands of people attend these festivals. The most important festivals are the Maha Shiva Ratri, Bala chaturthi festival and Teej festival. During these festivals people from all over the world come to worship.
Boudhanath: This is one of the largest ancient stupas in the Nepal & holiest Tibetan Buddhist Temple outside Tibet, so it is also called Tibetan Stupa. It has become the focal point of Tibetan Buddhism in Nepal. This is also popular tourist site and UNESCO world cultural heritage site, Located about 11 km from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu. The stupa is located on the ancient trade route to Tibet. Tibetan merchants rested and offered pray here for many centuries. After the arrival of thousands of Tibetans, following the 1959 Chinese invasion, the temple has become one of the most important centers of Tibetan Buddhism. Today it remains an important place of pilgrimage and meditation for Tibetan Buddhists and local Nepalese.
They established many gompas, and the “Little Tibet” of Nepal was born. This “Little Tibet” is still the best place in the Valley to observe Tibetan lifestyle. During the festival of Losar (Tibetan New Year) in February or March, Boudhanath hosts the largest celebration in Nepal.
Patan: It is one of the ancient historical cities in Kathmandu valley and Kathmandu valley cultural tour is the best tour to explore the UNESCO world cultural heritage sites found in Patan. This is also known as ‘Lalitpur’ literally, the City of fine arts, lies 5 km in the south-east of Kathmandu. It is best known for its rich cultural heritage, particularly its traditional arts and crafts. It is also called “the city of fine art” making of metallic and stone carving statue. The most important monument of the city is Patan Durbar Square.
Patan Durbar Square: It is one of the three Durbar squares (royal palace) in Kathmandu valley, all of which are UNESCO world cultural heritage sites. One of its attractions is the ancient royal palace where the Malla Kings of Lalitpur resided. The Durbar Square is a marvel of architecture. The Square floor is tiled with red bricks. There are many temples and idols in the area. The Square also holds old Newari residential houses. There are various other temples and structures in and around Patan Durbar Square built by the Newa People (Newar Community).
Krishna Mandir: Krishna Mandir is the most important temple in Patan Durbar Square. The temple was built in 1637 by King Siddhinarasinh Malla. It is said that one night the King saw the Lord Krishna and his consort Srimati Radha standing in front of the royal palace. He ordered to build a temple on the same spot. There are 21 golden pinnacles in the temple. Below the pinnacles are 3 storeys. The first floor holds the main shrine of Lord Krishna with shrines of Radha and Rukmini at each side. The second floor is dedicated to Lord Shiva and the third to Lokeshwor (Lord Buddha). The square is crowded with thousands of Hindu Pilgrims and devotees during Krishnastami.
Bhaktapur: This is one of the three ancient historical cities in Kathmandu valley and Kathmandu valley cultural tour is the best tour to explore the UNESCO world cultural heritage sites found in Bhaktapur. Bhaktapur literally” the City of Devotees” lies about 14 km east of Kathmandu. It is the home of traditional art and architecture, historical monuments and craft works, magnificent windows, pottery and weaving industries, excellent temples, beautiful ponds, rich local custom, culture, religion, festivals, and musical mystic and so on. It still retains medieval charm. Durbar Square with its celebrated Golden Gate and extraordinary Palace of Fifty-Five windows reflects the past glory days of the” Malla Dynasty”.
Important monuments of Bhaktapur City includes:
1.Bhaktapur Durbar Square
2.Changu Narayan Temple
Bhaktapur Durbar Square: It is one of the three Durbar (royal palace) squares in Kathmandu valley, all of which are UNESCO world cultural heritage sites. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is a conglomeration of pagoda and shikhara-style temples grouped around a fifty-five windows palace of brick and wood. The Square is one of the most charming architectural showpieces of the Valley as it highlights the ancient arts of Nepal. Major tourist attractive spots in Bhaktapur durbar square are Fifty five windows palace, Nyatapola temple and Golden Gate.
Fifty five (55) Windows Palace: This magnificent palace was built during the regime of King Yaksya Malla in A.D. 1427 and was subsequently remodeled by King Bhupatindra Malla in the seventeenth century. It was the home to royalty until 1769 and now considered as a national gallery. Among the brick walls with their gracious setting and sculptural design, has a balcony with Fifty-five Windows, considered to be a unique masterpiece of woodcarving.
Nyatapola Temple: This is a 5-storeys Pagoda Style temple built in 1702 A.D. which is dedicated to the goddess Siddhi Laxmi, the Tantric Laxmi who bestows auspiciousness .The name Nyatapola is derived from Newari language which means 5 storeys temple.This beautifully sculptured building is considered one of the tallest pagodas in the country and is a lovely example of the immense architectural perfection and artistic beauty of workmanship that went into buildings of this type.
Changu Narayan Temple: Changu Narayan is an ancient Hindu temple located on the top of a hill at the eastern end of the valley nearer to the village of Changunarayan in Kathmandu Valley. This is one of the oldest Hindu temples in the valley and believed to have been constructed at first in the 4th century. Kathmandu valley cultural tour is the best tour to explore the Changu Narayan Temple, a UNESCO world cultural heritage site which is dedicated to the lord Vishnu (preserver of the Hindu). The two-storey roofed temple stands on a high plinth of stone and has unique traditional architecture which cannot be seen in other temples. The temple is surrounded by sculptures and arts related to Lord Vishnu. It remains a milestone in Nepali architecture with rich embossed works.
Hence, Kathmandu valley cultural tour is the most amazing tour in the world for the exploration of Nepalese glorious history, culture and tradition that dates back to times immemorial.
Day 01 : Arrival in Kathmandu – D
Upon arrival in Kathmandu, meet and greet at the international airport and transfer to hotel. Short briefing of trip. Check in to hotel and rest for refreshment. In the evening, Welcome dinner in a typical Nepali restarant with authentic nepali cuisine and cultural dance performance. Overnight at hotel, Kathmandu.
Day 02 : Sightseeing Tour of Kathmandu and Patan Durbar Square – B
After breakfast, pick up from hotel and head towards the sightseeing tour in Kathmandu especially UNESCO world cultural heritage sites which includes Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa, Swoyambhunath Stupa, Kathmandu Durbar Square and Patan Durbar Square for the experience of beautiful fusion of religion, culture and history. These heritage monuments reflect the centuries old culture, arts and architecture of Nepal which are medieval charms of Malla Dynasty. After tour, drop off to hotel. Overnight at hotel, Kathmandu.
Day 03 : Sightseeing Tour of Bhaktapur Durbar Square and Changunarayan Temple – B
After breakfast, pick up from hotel and head towards full day Sightseeing tour of Bhaktapur Durbar Square and Changunarayan Temple for the experience of religious, historical and cultural values, which reflect the glory of medieval period. After tour, drop off to hotel. Rest for refreshment and enjoy the free time by shopping at souvenir shops or hanging around thamel (Tourism hub city). Overnight at hotel, Kathmandu.
Day 04 : Departure – B
Leisure until departure. Transfer to International airport to board the flight
1. Pick up and drop off service from Airport and Hotel by private vehicle.
2. All accommodation in 3-star category hotels on B/B plan in Kathmandu .
3. Welcome drinks (non-alcoholic) and welcome dinner in a typical nepali restaurant with authentic nepali cuisine and cultural show.
4. City sightseeing tour with private vehicle and experienced local tour guide.
5. All Heritage monuments entrance fees.
1. Nepalese visa fee.
2. International airfare.
3. Lunches and Dinners not mentioned above.
4. All personal expenses.
5. Travel insurance.
6. Tips for the guide and driver (tips is expected).